Luigi Boccherini (1743-1805) – was an Italian composer and cello player, born in Lucca and educated in Roma. He was successfully performing in whole of Europe and decided to settle down in Madrid in 1769 where he was employed by Infante Luis Antonio of Spain. After a disagreement with his royal patron the artist was to become an organ player to the royals for a few years to come. Among his late patrons there was King Friedrich Wilhelm II of Prussia and Lucien Bonaparte (brother of Napoleon I). He died almost in poverty in Madrid. His works were frequently printed, however, at the time artists did not profit much from such activities.
Subsequent popularity of Menuet from the Quintet in E Major, Op 11 No. 5 resulted in the wrong perception lasting for many years that Boccherini had composed only one piece of music. It was not until the second half of the 20th century that his works were properly organised and examined. It was revealed that the composer had quite impressive musical achievements. He wrote a large amount of chamber music meant for string instruments (sometimes with the accompaniment of the guitar, flute or oboe). He wrote more than sixty trios, a hundred quartets and more than two hundred quintets from which the majority was meant for or two violins, viola and two cellos. His works represent mature classical style, are known for their gracefulness, elegance and fantastic composition. Some parts written for the cello are true masterpieces in their own right; some others might be treated as early announcements of Romanticism. The pieces written by Boccherini and performed by masterful musicians are going to be the icing of the cake.